Yoga Exercises Added to US School Programs
2017-01-17 21:12:44


Along with subjects like reading and mathematics, school children at the Robert W. Coleman Elementary School are learning how to spend time in quiet thought.(1)
随着阅读和数学等科目,学童在罗伯特 · 科尔曼小学正在学习如何在安静思考的时间。

The students are learning yoga exercises and meditation skills.(2)
学生学习的瑜伽练习和冥想的技巧。

The aim is to provide them with better tools to deal with the daily struggles they face.(3)
目的是要为他们提供更好的工具来处理他们所面临的日常斗争。

The school, called Coleman for short, is in the American city of Baltimore, Maryland.(4)
学校,简称科尔曼,是在美国的马里兰州巴尔的摩市。

Principal Carlillian Thompson brought the program to Coleman in 2010.(5)
校长 Carlillian 汤普森在 2010 年给科尔曼带来了该程序。

She sends some of her most troublesome students to the Mindful Moment Room instead of requiring them to stay after school in detention.(6)
她将一些她最让人头疼的学生发送到铭记的时刻房间而不是要求他们拘留在放学后留下。

Nearly one fourth of Baltimore’s population lives below the poverty line.(7)
近四分之一的巴尔的摩的人口生活在贫困线以下。

That information comes from the United States Census Bureau.(8)
该信息来自美国人口普查局。

Many children at Coleman face conditions common to poverty.(9)
许多儿童在科尔曼面临贫困的条件。

Principal Thompson told broadcaster CNN that a few of her students are homeless, while others live in homes with no electricity.(10)
校长汤普森告诉 CNN 电视台有几个她的学生都是无家可归的人,而另一些人在家里没有电。

Some have little or no food to eat.(11)
一些有很少或没有食物吃。

Others are related to victims of gun violence.(12)
其他有关枪支暴力的受害者。

The Mindful Moment Room is a place where Coleman students do deep breathing exercises and clear their minds.(13)
铭记的时刻房间是一个地方科尔曼学生做深呼吸的练习,他们的脑海中清除。

They come to learn how they can better react to situations, and how to calm themselves.(14)
他们来了解他们如何可以更好地应对情况,以及如何自己平静。

They can also speak with Mindful Moment specialists about what caused their teachers to send them there.(15)
他们也可以跟铭记的时刻专家关于是什么导致他们的老师,把他们送到那儿。

Atman Smith is one of the founders of the Holistic Life Foundation (HLF), the organization that leads the program.(16)
阿特曼史密斯是创始人的整体生活基础 (HLF),导致该计划的组织之一。

He told VOA News a few years ago that meditation and yoga can help young people deal with life's difficulties.(17)
他告诉美国之音说,几年前冥想和瑜伽可以帮助青少年处理生活中的困难。

"It's…like…a serious cycle in most inner cities where people don't know how to resolve conflicts peacefully.(18)
"它的悬.a 严重周期中大多数内陆城市,在那里人不知道如何以和平方式解决冲突。

That's why there is so much violence and abuse and, in us teaching these kids meditation – giving them these tools to self-regulate – it’s going to change, I guess, the social construct and the way the inner city works and is thought of.”(19)
这是为什么会有如此多的暴力和虐待,在我们教这些孩子冥想 — — 给他们这些工具作自我规管 — — 它会改变,我猜,社会建设和发展城市内工作,被认为是."

HLF serves 4,500 students each week, and works with a total of 14 Baltimore schools.(20)
HLF 服务 4500 名学生每个星期,并与共 14 巴尔的摩学校。

A calming influence(21)
宁静的影响

Coleman is not the only American school adding meditation and yoga to its academic curriculum.(22)
科尔曼不是冥想和瑜伽加入其学术课程只有美国学校。

Schools in other cities are also using these tools.(23)
其他城市的学校也使用这些工具。

Last year, Visitacion Valley Middle School began offered meditation, NBC News reported.(24)
去年,比西塔西翁谷中学开始提供的冥想,NBC 新闻报道。

The school is in one of the poorest areas in the city of San Francisco.(25)
学校是在三藩市最贫困的地区之一。

Some children there witnessed stressful events in their neighborhoods.(26)
那里一些孩子目睹了在他们的社区生活压力事件。

A large number of the students see people carrying guns on a daily basis, athletic director Barry Driscoll told NBC News.(27)
一大批学生看到人们拿着枪在日常的基础上,竞技主任巴里 · 德里斯科尔告诉 NBC 新闻。

A few years ago, there were three to five fights at the school every week.(28)
几年前,有三到五战斗在学校每周。

But then, the San Francisco School District partnered with a local organization called the Center for Wellness and Achievement in Education.(29)
但然后,旧金山学区与中心呼吁健康和教育成就一个当地组织结成伙伴关系。

The center brought a meditation program called Quiet Time to Visitacion Valley and three other schools.(30)
中心带来了一个叫做安静的时候比西塔西翁谷和其他三所学校的冥想程序。

Each day, during Quiet Time, the whole school has two 15-minute periods of Transcendental Meditation (TM).(31)
每一天,在安静的时候,全校有 Transcendental Meditation (TM) 两个 15 分钟期。

TM is a process for slowing down unwanted thoughts and reaching a state of calm awareness.(32)
TM 是放慢多余的想法和达到的平静意识状态的过程。

At first, O’Driscoll thought meditation was foolish.(33)
起初,奥德里斯科尔认为冥想是愚蠢。

But, as he told NBC, over four years of having Quiet Time, suspensions at Visitacion Valley have fallen by 79 percent.(34)
但是,正如他告诉 NBC,超过四年的有安静的时间,比西塔西翁谷悬浮液下降了 79%。

Over that period, attendance has risen to 98 percent.(35)
在此期间,出席率已增至 98%。

A nearby school that uses the program has also seen a big drop in suspensions -- 75 percent, NBC noted. In addition, students are performing better academically.(36)
NBC 指出使用程序附近的学校也有悬浮液 — — 75%,大幅下降。此外,学生学业表现更出色。

Does yoga really work?(37)
做瑜伽真的管用吗?

Principal Thompson also believes that meditation is responsible for the drop in suspensions at her school.(38)
校长汤普森也认为,冥想是负责滴在她的学校的悬浮液中。

Over the past year, there were no suspensions at Coleman, compared to four suspensions during the 2013-14 school year, CNN reported.(39)
在过去一年,没有悬浮在科尔曼,2013年-14 在学年期间,相比四人停职 CNN 报道。

And, students are almost never sent to her office for bad behavior anymore, Thompson noted.(40)
而且,学生几乎从来不发送到她的办公室的不良行为了,汤普森指出。

For the past half century, meditation and other stress-reduction activities have been studied as possible treatments for anxiety and depression.(41)
在过去的半个世纪,作为可能的治疗焦虑和抑郁的方法研究了冥想和其他应力减少活动。

A 2014 study links mindfulness meditation to reduced pain, depression, and anxiety.(42)
2014年研究链接正念冥想对减轻的疼痛、 抑郁和焦虑。

That study was published in one of the American Medical Association’s many publications, called JAMA Internal Medicine.(43)
这项研究发表在美国医学协会的许多出版物,称为 JAMA 内科之一。

As for students, there is some scientific evidence that yoga and meditation can help people, but more is needed.(44)
至于学生,还有一些瑜伽和冥想可以帮助人,但需要更多的科学证据。

But a 2012 study on yoga found that it improved middle-school students’ ability to deal with anger and stress.(45)
但瑜伽 2012年研究发现,它提高中学生的能力应付愤怒和压力。

The Journal of Behavioral Science reported the findings.(46)
行为科学 》 杂志上报道的结果。

However, education expert Patricia Jennings told the New York Times that these practices don’t “address poverty, and it may not work for everybody.”(47)
然而,教育专家帕特里夏 · 詹宁斯告诉纽约时报,这些做法不"解决贫穷问题,和它可能不适用于每个人。"

Jennings is a professor in the school of education at the University of Virginia.(48)
詹宁斯是在弗吉尼亚大学教育学院教授。

Some parents are not happy about schools offering yoga programs.(49)
一些家长感到并不愉快瑜伽课程的学校。

They think yoga has a religious meaning because of its roots in Hinduism and Buddhism.(50)
他们认为瑜伽因为它的根在印度教和佛教的宗教涵义。

For example, US News and World Report magazine reported on a Georgia school that received protests from parents.(51)
例如,美国新闻与世界报道 》 杂志报道从父母收到抗议格鲁吉亚学校。

The school has made changes: it still offers breathing and stretching exercises, but has removed the Hindi term “Namaste,” for example.(52)
The school has made changes:它还提供呼吸和伸展运动,但已经去除了印地语期限"彪悍,"例如。

The school principal also wrote an apology to parents.(53)
学校校长还写信给父母的道歉。

In a special report for CNN, yoga trainer Dana Santas explained that some parents don’t realize American-style yoga is non-religious.(54)
在 cnn 的特别报告,瑜伽教练 Dana 圣诞老人解释说,一些家长没有意识到美国风格的瑜伽是非宗教。

She said it is an exercise focused on a person’s mental and physical health, not spirituality.(55)
她说︰ 这是集中在一个人的心理和身体健康,没有灵性的锻炼。

As Principal Thompson told VOA, for a group of fifth-grade boys at Coleman, meditation has made a huge difference.(56)
正如校长汤普森告诉美国之音,为一群五年级男孩在科尔曼,冥想了一个巨大的差异。

"But I could see, over time, that they learned how to, instead of using their fists, to resolve different situations, that they started with the breathing techniques.(57)
"但我可以看到,随着时间的推移,他们学会了如何,而不是使用他们的拳头,以解决不同的情况下,他们开始与呼吸技巧。

They began to talk about their problems, instead of reacting like they used to. ".(58)
他们开始谈论他们的问题,而不是像从前那样的反应。".

Former students from programs offered by the Holistic Life Foundation are now 50 percent of the organization’s workers, Newsweek reported.(59)
以前的学生,从整体的生命基础的课程现在是 50%的本组织的工人,新闻周刊 》 报道。

I'm Phil Dierking.(60)
我是菲尔 Dierking。

And I’m Alice Bryant.(61)
我是爱丽丝科比。


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