Are You Learning the Progressive Tenses?
2016-12-22 21:50:02


For VOA Learning English, this is Everyday Grammar.(1)
这是美国之音慢速英语,日常的语法。

Today we are going to look at the progressive verb tenses. Progressive tenses express actions that are unfinished or in progress.(2)
今天我们要看看渐进式动词时态的用法。民进时态快递操作没有完成或正在进行中。

There are three progressive verb tenses: the past progressive, the present progressive, and the future progressive.(3)
There are three progressive verb tenses:过去民进、 现在进行时和将来进行。

Progressive tenses are the same as continuous tenses.(4)
时态是时态相同。

Present Progressive(5)
现在进行式

We will start with the present progressive, the most common progressive tense.(6)
我们将开始与现在进行式,最常见的进行时态。

You form the present progressive tense by using a form of the verb be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I am watching a movie.”(7)
窗体通过使用动词的形式现在进行时 — — ing 动词之后。例如,"我正在看一部电影。"

It is easy to confuse the simple present and the present progressive.(8)
它很容易混淆了一般现在时和现在进行式。

What’s the difference between, “It rains in Seattle” and “It is raining in Seattle”?(9)
"下雨在西雅图"和"它下雨,在西雅图"之间的区别是什么?

“It rains in Seattle” states that it rains in general. It does not necessarily mean that it is raining at the moment of speaking.(10)
下雨一般"下雨在西雅图"的国家。它并不一定意味着在说话的时候下雨。

“It is raining in Seattle” means that the rain started in the past, is happening now, and will probably continue into the future.(11)
下雨在西雅图"意味着雨开始在过去,现在,正在并将可能持续到将来。

Now, at this time, and currently are common adverbs in the present progressive.(12)
现在,在这个时候,和目前常用副词在现在进行式。

The present progressive can also express a scheduled event in the future.(13)
目前的进步也可以在将来表达预定的事件。

For example, this sentence is in the present progressive: “She is starting school next semester.”(14)
For example, this sentence is in the present progressive:"她开始学校下个学期"。

The meaning here is the same as the sentence in the simple future: “She is going to start school next semester.”(15)
意义在这里是相同的这句话在简单的未来:"她要开始学校下个学期"。

The present progressive and simple future (with be going to) sometimes have the same .(16)
目前的进步和简单未来 (与去) 有时具有相同。

You can also use present progressive with always to say that something disturbs you.(17)
您还可以使用与目前民进总是说事情扰乱你。

“My neighbor is always playing loud music at night” or “I am always making mistakes with verb tenses!”(18)
"我的邻居总是玩大声的音乐在晚上"或者"我总在做出与动词时态的错误 !"

Past Progressive(19)
过去进行时

Let’s move on to the past progressive. The past progressive describes an event that was in progress in the past.(20)
让我们到逐步过去继续前进。过去民进描述过去正在进行的事件。

To form the past progressive use was or were followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I was working late last night.”(21)
要形成过去民进使用了或其后 — — ing 动词。例如,"我合作了昨晚深夜。

Sentences in the past progressive often have two actions.(22)
句子中逐步过去经常有两个操作。

For example, “It was snowing when the plane landed in Denver.”(23)
例如,"下雪了当飞机降落在丹佛。"

Notice that the second action, landed, is in the simple past.(24)
请注意,第二个操作,登陆,在简单的过去。

The past progressive can also express an action in progress interrupted by a second action.(25)
过去的进步也可以表达中断的第二个行动在进行的动作。

“I was running when I slipped and fell” or “I was sleeping when you called.”(26)
"我跑的时候我滑了一跤"或者"这熟睡你打电话的时候"。

It is possible to have two progressive actions in the same sentence if the two actions are happening at the same time.(27)
它是可能在同一个句子中有两个进步的行动,如果两个操作都发生在同一时间。

You could say, “I was sleeping when you were working”.(28)
你可以说,"我睡你在工作时"。

Future Progressive(29)
未来的进步

The future progressive tense describes an event that will be in progress in the future.(30)
将来进行时态描述事件的将来会在进展中。

To form the future progressive tense, use will be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I will be waiting for you when you finish work.”(31)
若要形成未来时态,— — ing 动词其后使用。例如,"我将会等待你当你干完工作。"

The future progressive can be useful when you are making plans.(32)
当你在作计划,未来的进步很有用。

Imagine your friend wants you to pick her up the airport tomorrow. But you have to work.(33)
想象一下你的朋友想要你明天机场接她。但你必须努力。

You could tell her, “I’m sorry, but I will be working when your plane gets in.”(34)
你可以告诉她,"我很抱歉,但我将工作当你的飞机"。

Stative Verbs(35)
静态动词

There are some verbs that cannot be used in any of the progressive tenses. You would say “I own a car,” not “I am owning a car.” (36)
有一些不能用于任何时态的动词。你会说"我自己的一辆车,"不"我拥有一辆车"

Own is a stative verb. Stative verbs describe unchanging conditions or situations.(37)
自己是静态动词。静态动词描述不变条件或情况。

Stative verbs often refer to mental states such as know, realize, like, believe, understand, love, hate, appear, and exist.(38)
静态动词通常是指心理状态如知道、 实现、 喜欢、 相信、 理解、 爱、 恨、 出现,与存在。

A few verbs have both stative and non-stative meanings. Let’s look at the verb think. “I think the book is good” is stative.(39)
几个动词有状态补语、 无状态性的含义。让我们看看动词认为。"我认为这本书是好"是静态的。

The action does not change. “I am thinking about you” is progressive. It shows a temporary, changing action. (40)
该操作不会更改。"我想着你"是进步的。它显示一个临时变量,改变行动。

Sensory verbs like see, taste, feel, smell, and hear work the in the same way.(41)
感官动词喜欢看到、 尝、 感觉,闻到,听到的工作方式相同。

Progressive verbs are especially useful for describing changing emotional states.(42)
渐进式动词,用于描述改变情绪状态尤其有用。

For that reason, they are very common in song lyrics. We will leave you with a few examples.(43)
为此,他们是在歌词中很常见。我们将离开你几个例子。

I’m John Russell.(44)
我是约翰罗素。

And I’m Jill Robbins.(45)
我是吉尔罗宾斯。


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