Are You Learning the Progressive Tenses?
2016-12-22 21:50:02

For VOA Learning English, this is Everyday Grammar.(1)

Today we are going to look at the progressive verb tenses. Progressive tenses express actions that are unfinished or in progress.(2)

There are three progressive verb tenses: the past progressive, the present progressive, and the future progressive.(3)
There are three progressive verb tenses:过去民进、 现在进行时和将来进行。

Progressive tenses are the same as continuous tenses.(4)

Present Progressive(5)

We will start with the present progressive, the most common progressive tense.(6)

You form the present progressive tense by using a form of the verb be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I am watching a movie.”(7)
窗体通过使用动词的形式现在进行时 — — ing 动词之后。例如,"我正在看一部电影。"

It is easy to confuse the simple present and the present progressive.(8)

What’s the difference between, “It rains in Seattle” and “It is raining in Seattle”?(9)

“It rains in Seattle” states that it rains in general. It does not necessarily mean that it is raining at the moment of speaking.(10)

“It is raining in Seattle” means that the rain started in the past, is happening now, and will probably continue into the future.(11)

Now, at this time, and currently are common adverbs in the present progressive.(12)

The present progressive can also express a scheduled event in the future.(13)

For example, this sentence is in the present progressive: “She is starting school next semester.”(14)
For example, this sentence is in the present progressive:"她开始学校下个学期"。

The meaning here is the same as the sentence in the simple future: “She is going to start school next semester.”(15)

The present progressive and simple future (with be going to) sometimes have the same .(16)
目前的进步和简单未来 (与去) 有时具有相同。

You can also use present progressive with always to say that something disturbs you.(17)

“My neighbor is always playing loud music at night” or “I am always making mistakes with verb tenses!”(18)
"我的邻居总是玩大声的音乐在晚上"或者"我总在做出与动词时态的错误 !"

Past Progressive(19)

Let’s move on to the past progressive. The past progressive describes an event that was in progress in the past.(20)

To form the past progressive use was or were followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I was working late last night.”(21)
要形成过去民进使用了或其后 — — ing 动词。例如,"我合作了昨晚深夜。

Sentences in the past progressive often have two actions.(22)

For example, “It was snowing when the plane landed in Denver.”(23)

Notice that the second action, landed, is in the simple past.(24)

The past progressive can also express an action in progress interrupted by a second action.(25)

“I was running when I slipped and fell” or “I was sleeping when you called.”(26)

It is possible to have two progressive actions in the same sentence if the two actions are happening at the same time.(27)

You could say, “I was sleeping when you were working”.(28)

Future Progressive(29)

The future progressive tense describes an event that will be in progress in the future.(30)

To form the future progressive tense, use will be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I will be waiting for you when you finish work.”(31)
若要形成未来时态,— — ing 动词其后使用。例如,"我将会等待你当你干完工作。"

The future progressive can be useful when you are making plans.(32)

Imagine your friend wants you to pick her up the airport tomorrow. But you have to work.(33)

You could tell her, “I’m sorry, but I will be working when your plane gets in.”(34)

Stative Verbs(35)

There are some verbs that cannot be used in any of the progressive tenses. You would say “I own a car,” not “I am owning a car.” (36)

Own is a stative verb. Stative verbs describe unchanging conditions or situations.(37)

Stative verbs often refer to mental states such as know, realize, like, believe, understand, love, hate, appear, and exist.(38)
静态动词通常是指心理状态如知道、 实现、 喜欢、 相信、 理解、 爱、 恨、 出现,与存在。

A few verbs have both stative and non-stative meanings. Let’s look at the verb think. “I think the book is good” is stative.(39)
几个动词有状态补语、 无状态性的含义。让我们看看动词认为。"我认为这本书是好"是静态的。

The action does not change. “I am thinking about you” is progressive. It shows a temporary, changing action. (40)

Sensory verbs like see, taste, feel, smell, and hear work the in the same way.(41)
感官动词喜欢看到、 尝、 感觉,闻到,听到的工作方式相同。

Progressive verbs are especially useful for describing changing emotional states.(42)

For that reason, they are very common in song lyrics. We will leave you with a few examples.(43)

I’m John Russell.(44)

And I’m Jill Robbins.(45)

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