Thinking Outside the Five-Paragraph Essay
2012-06-14 02:11:01


This is the VOA Special English Education Report.(1)
这是美国之音特别英语教育报告。

Millions of students have been taught a formula that has nothing to do with chemistry. The formula is for writing a five-paragraph essay.(2)
数以百万计的学生教会了一个公式,与化学无关。公式是写作五段文章。

First, write an introductory paragraph to state the argument. Then, add three paragraphs of evidence. Finally, write a conclusion.(3)
第一,写序言段落,述明该参数。然后,添加三个段落的证据。最后,写一个结论。

Linda Bergmann is director of the Writing Lab at Purdue University in Indiana. Her job is to help students, including international students, improve their writing.(4)
琳达贝格曼是在印第安纳州普度大学写作实验室主任。她的工作是帮助学生,包括国际学生,提高他们的写作能力。

Professor Bergmann has worked with many students who learned this traditional five-paragraph formula.(5)
教授贝格曼曾与很多学生学到这个传统的五段公式。

LINDA BERGMANN: "It is kind of like, 'A is true because one, two, three.' The second paragraph is the first reason, next paragraph the second reason.(6)
LINDA BERGMANN:' 这是一样,' A 是真的因为一个、 两个、 三个。 '第二段是第一个原因,一段时间的第二个原因。

The next paragraph is the final reason, and then the last paragraph is, 'So we can see that this is true.'"(7)
最后一个原因下, 一段,然后最后一段是,'所以我们可以看到这是真的。'"

Professor Bergmann says international students sometimes have difficulty with this formula if they learned a different writing structure.(8)
贝格曼教授说,国际学生有时有困难这一公式,是否他们学会了一种不同的写作结构。

But just knowing how to write a five-paragraph essay is not going to be enough for a college student who has to write a longer academic paper.(9)
但仅仅知道如何写出五段文章不会就足够一名大学生,曾撰写一份更长时间的学术论文。

As Professor Bergmann points out, the formula is too simple to deal with subjects that require deeper thought and investigation.(10)
贝格曼教授所指出的该公式是过于简单,以应付需要更深入的调查与思考的课题。

LINDA BERGMANN: "Essentially, it is way too simplistic to handle more intellectually sophisticated topics which involve actual inquiry."(11)
LINDA BERGMANN:"从根本上来说,是太简单化处理更理智成熟的主题涉及实际调查。"

Karen Gocsik is executive director of courses in the Institute for Writing and Rhetoric at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.(12)
Karen Gocsik 是课程的写作与修辞新罕布什尔州达特茅斯大学研究所的执行董事。

The institute has an extensive library of online writing materials on its website.(13)
学院有一个广泛的在其网站上的在线写作素材库。

So what are the qualities that make up good writing? Ms. Gocsik says there are no simple answers -- except maybe for one.(14)
所以好写的特质是什么?女士 Gocsik 表示,有没有简单的答案 — — 除了也许之一。

That is, there is no formula that students can follow to guarantee a well-written paper.(15)
那就是,没有学生可以遵循,保证写得很好的纸张的公式。

KAREN GOCSIK: "What we try to teach students to do in college is to listen to their ideas, and that the idea should be able to tell you what form it needs to take."(16)
KAREN GOCSIK:"我们试图教导学生在大学做是来听听他们的想法,,这个想法应该能够告诉你它需要采取何种形式。

She says moving from secondary-school writing to college-level writing can be difficult, but students should not be afraid.(17)
她说: 从中学写作可以是困难的但学生不应害怕书面向大学水平移动。

KAREN GOCSIK: "The thinking that you are doing, and the purpose that you have and the audience you are writing to -- all of these things you will mix up together and you will come up with, we hope, an excellent college paper."(18)
KAREN GOCSIK:"你正在做的思考与你有的目的和写入到 — — 所有这些事情,观众你会混淆在一起,你会想出,我们希望,高校优秀论文"

In some cultures, students organize their paragraphs to build toward the main idea at the end of the paper.(19)
在一些文化中,学生组织他们段末尾的这份文件的主要思想正在建立。

American college students are usually expected to state their thesis at the beginning.(20)
美国大学生通常预计,说明他们在开始时的论文。

And, while students in some cultures use lots of descriptive words, American professors generally want shorter sentences.(21)
而且,虽然在一些文化中的学生使用大量的描述性词语,美国教授通常希望较短的句子。

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. Tell us about your own experience with academic writing. Go to voaspecialenglish.com and share your stories.(22)
而这是美国之音特别英语教育报道,由 Jerilyn Watson 写。请告诉我们您自己的学术写作的经验。转到 voaspecialenglish。

And before you write that next paper, check out two links on our website. One is for the Online Writing Lab at Purdue.(23)
com 和分享你的故事。和你写的下一步的纸张之前,请检查出两个在我们网站上的链接。其中一个是普度大学在线写作实验室。

The other is for the Institute for Writing and Rhetoric at Dartmouth. I'm Jim Tedder.(24)
另一个是为写作与修辞达特茅斯学院。我是吉姆特德。


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