Remembering Pete Seeger
2014-01-29 00:25:41


Pete Seeger, the legendary folk singer-songwriter who fought for social change and played a major role in the American folk revival, died Monday at the age of 94.(1)
皮特 · 西格,传奇民谣歌手歌曲作者为社会变革而战美国民谣复兴中发挥了主要作用,死于周一在 94 岁。

For many, Seeger will be remembered as America’s most-famous, and infamous, folk singer.(2)
对于许多人来说 · 西格将记住作为美国的最著名和臭名昭著,民谣歌手。

Banjo player Tony Trischka first heard Seeger’s banjo-playing and singing as child and later became his friend. When he was 14 years old, Trischka wrote Seeger a fan letter.(3)
班卓琴球员托尼 Trischka 第一次听到西格的班卓琴演奏和歌唱作为孩子和后来成为他的朋友。在他 14 岁时,Trischka 写信 · 西格风扇。

He didn’t have an address, so he just addressed it to Pete Seeger, Beacon New York and hoped that it would reach his hero.(4)
他没有地址,所以他只是给皮特 · 西格,灯塔纽约信它,并希望它将会达到他的英雄。

“I wrote something to the effect ‘Dear Pete, I think you’re the greatest banjo player who ever lived.’(5)
'我写了一些东西,大意是' 亲爱的皮特,我认为你是有史以来最伟大的班卓琴球员。 '

Two weeks later, I received a postcard back from Pete Seeger saying ‘Dear Tony, music’s not like a horse race, there’s no such thing as best, but I’m glad you like my music.’(6)
两个星期后,我收到一张明信片回来皮特 · 西格说 ' 亲爱的托尼,音乐的不像一场赛马,有没有这种东西作为最佳,但我很高兴你喜欢我的音乐.'

And he signed it Pete Seeger, as you would, and he drew a little banjo.(7)
而他签署它皮特 · 西格,你会和他画了个小小的班卓琴。

And that just became a relic, this iconic thing that helped inspire me,” he said.(8)
他说: 和那只是成为了文物,有助于激励我,这个标志性的东西"。

Born in New York City in 1919, Seeger grew up believing that song has the power to change the world.(9)
在 1919 年出生于纽约市,西格长大相信首歌曲有改变世界的力量。

Seeger dropped out of Harvard College in 1938, and began working with music archivist Alan Lomax, assisting him on song-collecting trips through the American south.(10)
· 西格于 1938 年,从哈佛大学辍学,开始与 Alan Lomax,帮助他的歌收集人次通过美国南部的音乐档案保管员工作。

In the early-1940s, he formed The Almanac Singers, a highly-politicized singing group known for recording union songs and anti-war anthems.(11)
在早期-1940 年代,他形成了年历歌手,录制联盟歌曲和反战争国歌而闻名的高度政治化的演唱组。

While the start of World War II meant the end of The Almanac Singers, a stint in the Army didn’t mean the end of Seeger’s singing career.(12)
虽然二次世界大战的开始意味着年历歌手的结尾,在军队中的服役并不意味的西格的歌唱事业。

In 1948, he formed The Weavers, who soon became one of America’s favorite singing groups. Poet Carl Sandberg wrote, “The Weavers are out of the grassroots of America.(13)
1948 年,他成立了织工,很快就成为了美国的最喜爱的歌唱团体之一。诗人卡尔 · 桑德伯格写道,"没有美国的基层的织工。

When I hear America singing, The Weavers are there.”(14)
当我听到美国唱歌时,织工在那里"

One of the most-famous songs by The Weavers, “Tzena, Tzena, Tzena,”, makes an appearance on “Pete Seeger at 89,” albeit in a slightly different version.(15)
由织布工,最著名的歌曲之一"Tzena,Tzena,Tzena,",使外观上"皮特 · 西格在 89,"尽管在一个稍有不同的版本。

The 21st Century version includes not only an English translation of the Israeli song, but also a translation in Arabic.(16)
21 世纪版本包括的以色列的歌,英文翻译,但翻译阿拉伯语。

And as Seeger describes it, all the parts harmonize with each other.(17)
西格形容它,各部分互相协调。

​As popular as it was, “Tzena Tzena Tzena” and his other hit songs couldn’t rescue Seeger from the “Red Scare” of the early 1950s.(18)
很受欢迎,"Tzena Tzena Tzena"和他的其他命中的歌曲无法解救西格从"红色恐慌"的五十年代初期。

Three members of The Weavers were named as members of the Communist Party. The group was soon ostracized.(19)
织工的三名成员均被命名为共产党的成员。集团很快而被放逐。

Despite selling millions of records, The Weavers couldn’t get hired for concerts, and were dropped by their record label.(20)
尽管卖数百万条记录,织工找不为音乐会,并投下他们的记录标签了。

In 1955, Seeger was called to Washington to testify before the U.S. House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee,(21)
1955 年,西格被召回华盛顿在美国众议院非美活动委员会面前作证

where he was questioned about his political associations.(22)
他询问了有关他的政治协会。

He told the committee, “I am not going to answer any questions as to my associations, my philosophical or my religious beliefs, or how I voted in any election or any of these private affairs.(23)
他告诉委员会,"我不会回答任何问题我协会、 我哲学或我的宗教信仰,或如何投票上任何选举或任何这些私人事务。

I think these are very improper questions for any American to be asked.”(24)
我认为这些都是非常不当的问题,任何美国人要问"

Because of that, on July 26, 1956, the House of Representatives voted 373 to 9 to cite Pete Seeger, and seven others, for contempt.(25)
因此,1956 年 7 月 26 日,众议院投票 373 到 9,举皮特西格和其他七人,以藐视法庭罪。

Five years later, Seeger’s case finally came to trial. He was found guilty and sentenced to a year in prison, resulting in worldwide protests.(26)
五年后,西格的案件终于受到审判。他被发现有罪并被判处一年在狱中,造成在世界各地的抗议活动。

Although the verdict was overturned, that didn’t mean a return to business as usual for Seeger. He didn’t return to U.S. radio and television until the late 1960s.(27)
虽然判决被推翻,但这并不为西格像往常一样意味着回归到业务。直到 1960 年代末,他才到美国无线电和电视回来。

Which makes it all the more remarkable that in 1994, Seeger returned to Washington to receive the Presidential Medal of the Arts, the nation’s highest artistic honor.(28)
这使得它更显著于 1994 年,西格返回华盛顿接受总统的艺术,国家的最高艺术荣誉的奖牌。

Two years later he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.(29)
两年后他入选摇滚名人堂。

And in 2009, he performed at the Lincoln Memorial in a concert to celebrate the presidency of Barack Obama.(30)
2009 年,他在林肯纪念堂的一场音乐会庆祝奧巴馬的主席执行。

Andrew Revkin writes the “Dot-Earth” blog for the New York Times, and is also a professional musician who played with Seeger many times over the past 20 years.(31)
安德鲁不起眼为纽约时报写"圆点-地球"博客,也是一个专业的音乐家,他在过去 20 年多次玩 · 西格。

He says that while there are still many people who think of Seeger in only political terms, his songs will live on.(32)
他说虽然仍有许多人认为的西格只有从政治上讲,他的歌曲将生活。

“I think he’ll always be there in the sense that so many musicians have been influenced by him, even if the next generations coming forward may not know his name," he said.(33)
"我认为他会永远在由他受到了很多音乐家的感觉即使出来的下一代可能不知道他的名字,"他说。

"Some of the best known renditions of his songs were by the Byrds.(34)
"他的歌曲最佳已知格式副本的一些的鸟儿。

And more recently, Bruce Springsteen did an album “The Seeger Sessions,” they weren’t Pete Seeger songs, but they were songs Bruce learned through Pete.(35)
最近,布鲁斯 · 斯普林斯汀做了一张专辑"西格会话,"他们不是皮特 · 西格的歌曲,但他们是布鲁斯学会了通过皮特的歌曲。

You know the great old hymn and folk song ‘Will the Circle Be Unbroken?’ The circle created through his music is unbroken.”(36)
你知道大老赞美诗和民歌 '将圈子是完整吗?'通过他的音乐创造的圈子是从未间断。

When he died, Seeger had a list of honors longer than the neck on his famed banjo; not bad for a man who says he never planned to make music his career.(37)
他死的时候 · 西格在他著名的班卓琴 ; 有的荣誉比脖子较长的列表一个男人说他从没想过让他的职业生涯的音乐不坏。

“I did not want to be a professional musician. I liked to sing, but I thought the music business was full of hypocrisy," he said.(38)
"我做了不想要一个职业音乐家。我很喜欢唱歌,但我以为音乐业务是完整的虚伪,"他说。

"I did, though, go sing in the schools and in summer camps. And then some of the kids grew up and went to college.(39)
"我做了,不过,去唱在学校和在夏令营中。然后一些孩子们长大和去上大学。

And I, during the ‘frightened ‘50s’ when the blacklist was in the popular music business, I just went from college to college to college to college to college to college to college.(40)
我,害怕 '年代' 黑名单是流行音乐业务,我只是在什么时候去从学院到学校的学校的大学。

The most important job I ever did. I could have kicked the bucket [died] in 1960.(41)
做过最重要的工作。我会踢 [死] 在 1960 年的存储桶。

My job was done! After me, a whole bunch of young people came along: Bob Dylan, Phil Ochs, and a whole lot of others. And now, it’s out of control.”(42)
我的工作是完成了 !在我后面,一堆的青年人来了: 鲍勃 · 迪伦、 菲尔 · 奥克斯和其他人的一大堆。现在,它是不受控制。"

It was Pete Seeger who changed the words of an old spiritual from “We Will Overcome” to “We Shall Overcome”,(43)
这是皮特 · 西格改变了"我们应克服",从"我们将克服"老精神的词

and then sang it to American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., who went on to make it an anthem of the civil right movement in the 1960s. That optimism endured in his music.(44)
然后唱它向美国的民权运动领袖马丁,路德,去使它国歌的民权运动在 20 世纪 60 年代。在他的音乐中忍受了这种乐观态度。

[View the story "Folk Legend Pete Seeger Dies" on Storify](45)
[查看 Storify 上的故事"民俗传说皮特 · 西格死于"]


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