Many Millions Suffer from Depression
2012-10-09 17:45:44


Wednesday (October 10th) is World Mental Health Day.(1)
星期三 (10 月 10 日) 是世界精神卫生日。

The World Health Organization is using the occasion to call for an end to stigma against those who suffer from depression and other mental disorders.(2)
世界卫生组织正在使用场合呼吁结束到针对那些患有抑郁症和其它精神障碍的人的耻辱。

Dr. Shekhar Saxena said more than 350 million people around the world suffer from depression.(3)
博士谢加 · 凯原文,世界各地超过 3 亿 5000 万人患有抑郁症。

“When we say depression, we are talking about the mental disorder, which is very specific and is much beyond the usual feelings of sadness that everybody gets once in a while.”(4)
"当我们说抑郁时,我们正在谈论精神紊乱,而是非常具体,是大大超出大家偶尔获取的悲伤的平常感情。"

Saxena is director of the WHO’s Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse.(5)
Saxena 是主任谁是精神健康和药物滥用部。

“The disorder of depression is characterized by sustained sadness for two weeks or more and also interference with day-to-day work or other everyday responsibilities.(6)
"抑郁障碍特点是持续两个星期或以上的悲伤和还日常工作的干扰或其他日常职责。

So it’s actually a disease than just an emotional state,” Saxena said.(7)
所以它是实际上比只是一个情感状态的一种疾病,"原文。

And there are many causes.(8)
而且有很多原因。

“There are biological causes – change in the neurotransmitters in the brain – but also personality and environmental factors, which all give rise to what we then see – the syndrome of depression,” he said.(9)
他说:"有生物的原因 — — 脑内神经递质的变化 — — 但也个性和环境因素,这一切会引起什么我们然后看到 — — 大萧条,综合征"。

Dr. Saxena said trained medical professionals should be able to diagnose depression not only by a physical examination, but by asking the right questions.(10)
博士原文训练有素的医疗专业人员应该能够诊断抑郁症不仅体格检查,由提出正确的问题。

Those questions center on a person’s emotional state.(11)
这些问题集中于一个人的情绪状态。

Are there long periods of sadness or crying? Does a person have low self-worth, a feeling that life has no meaning or suicidal thoughts?(12)
长时间的悲伤或哭?一个人是否有自卑,生命已无意义或自杀的想法的一种感觉吗?

The World Health organization estimates one million people commit suicide every year with a “large proportion having experienced depression.” It also says up to one in five women, who give birth, suffer from post-partum depression.(13)
世界  生组织估计,100 万人集体自杀每年与"大比例的经历过大萧条"。它还说达五分之一妇女分娩,而患上产后抑郁症。

A recent WHO-supported study reported that about 5 percent of the people in any given community had depression during the past year.(14)
最近一项世卫组织支持研究报告约 5%的人在任何给定的社会已在过去一年的大萧条。

“Depression is a global problem, and all regions of the world have around the same figures of depression.(15)
"大萧条是一个全球性的问题,和人抑郁的同一数字周围的世界所有地区。

In fact, it’s a myth that depression is very common amongst developed countries, and is perhaps not seen in developing countries. That’s completely false.(16)
事实上,它是一个神话抑郁症是很常见的发达国家,和不是也许在发展中国家。这是完全错误的。

And poor countries and poor societies, including in Africa, are actually particularly pre-disposed to depression because of a very high level of stress, as well as other physical conditions, like HIV/AIDS, like chronic diseases and other social and economic factors,” Saxena said.(17)
贫穷国家和贫困的社会,在非洲,包括其实特别是 pre-disposed 抑郁情绪非常高的压力,以及其他物理条件,比如艾滋病毒/艾滋病,像慢性疾病和其他社会和经济因素,由于"原文。

While there are many causes, Saxena said there are also many treatments, including inexpensive medication. There is also therapy and other psychological and social interventions.(18)
虽然有很多原因,原文也有许多治疗,包括廉价的药品。也是治疗和其他心理和社会干预措施。

The World Health Organization warns stigma is a huge problem that prevents many people from seeking help.(19)
世界  生组织警告耻辱是一个巨大的问题,可防止很多人寻求帮助。

“It’s very important that everybody recognizes depression as a condition and looks out for it amongst oneself, one’s friends and family.(20)
"它是非常重要的大家都认识到作为条件的抑郁和查找的它自己、 自己的朋友和家人之间。

And support them to take treatment and to disclose that one can be suffering from this problem. Stigma can be removed by proper knowledge and proper attitude,” he said.(21)
和支持他们采取治疗,并透露其中一个可以患此问题。羞辱可以通过移除的正确知识和正确的态度,"他说。

The WHO’s Mental Health Gap Action Program trains health workers in low-income countries to recognize mental disorders and provide treatment.(22)
谁是心理健康的差距行动计划培训卫生工作者在低收入国家承认精神障碍和提供治疗。


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