Oil Producers Seek a Deal to Lift Prices
2016-11-01 21:05:28


World oil prices have risen a little after two years of weaker demand for oil and lower prices.(1)
经过两年的石油和更低的价格需求减弱,世界石油价格有轻微上升。

During that time, a number of developments have affected the balance between oil supplies and demand.(2)
在这段时间,大量的事态发展受到石油供应和需求之间的平衡。

One is unrest in some oil-producing countries.(3)
一是在一些产油国的动乱。

Another is the expanded use of technology for collecting oil from deep underground.(4)
另一个是技术扩大的用于收集从地下深处开采的石油。

In addition, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has been working on a deal to reduce oil production.(5)
此外,石油输出国组织 (欧佩克) 一直在削减石油产量的协议。

OPEC’s members have been trying to limit production to ease oversupply.(6)
石油输出国组织的成员一直在试图限制生产,以缓解供大于求。

Will oil prices rise?(7)
将石油价格的上涨?

Perhaps the easiest way for Americans to experience the effects of oil prices is through gasoline.(8)
也许美国人体验的石油价格影响的最简单方法是通过汽油。

American drivers have paid less for fuel as oil supplies have increased and prices have dropped.(9)
美国司机付出较少的燃料石油供应有所增加,价格下降。

In the United States, oil production has increased sharply in recent years.(10)
在美国,石油产量近年来急剧增加。

One reason is new technology, such as hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking.(11)
一个原因是新技术,如水力压裂,也被称为水力压裂法。

It has helped drilling services recover more oil and natural gas from the Earth.(12)
它帮助更多的石油和天然气从地球钻井服务恢复。

In fracking, liquid is forced into the ground under high pressure.(13)
在水力压裂技术,液体被被迫在高压力下地面。

The force can break up rock under the Earth’s surface, releasing oil and gas.(14)
力可以分手岩石在地球的表面,释放石油和天然气。

Hannah Breul is with the U.S. Energy Information Administration.(15)
哈布勒尔是美国能源信息管理局。

She thinks oil prices will rise as supplies, or inventories of unsold oil, start to decrease.(16)
她认为的石油价格将上涨作为用品或未售出石油库存开始减少。

“Global supply has far exceeded global consumption, so we have seen massive inventory builds and we have seen lower prices as a result.(17)
"全球供应,远远超过全球消费,所以我们已经看到海量库存生成,我们因此有看到较低的价格。

Once the supply and consumption come back into alignment, and the inventories level off, and can start to be drawn down, that will be a market signal to increase production.”(18)
供应和消费回到对齐,库存平整,并可以开始绘制之后,将市场信号,提高生产。

Low oil prices hurt companies that use fracking, making their operations too costly and less profitable.(19)
低油价伤害使用水力压裂技术,使他们的行动过于昂贵和有利可图的公司。

Rising prices, says Breul, make it more cost-effective for oil producers to keep shale wells operating.(20)
不断上涨的价格,说布勒尔,使它对石油生产商保持页岩井经营更具成本效益。

She says demand for oil is expected to rise over a long period of time.(21)
她说,对石油的需求预计将在较长的时间内上升。

Other things can influence oil prices.(22)
其他的东西可以影响石油价格。

Members of OPEC and some major non-OPEC producers, like Russia, appear to have agreed on a deal to limit production.(23)
石油输出国组织和一些主要非欧佩克产油国,俄罗斯,成员似乎已经达成协议,限制生产。

Russia’s Energy Minister, Alexander Novak, says the two sides are trying to make joint agreements.(24)
俄罗斯能源部长,亚历山大 · 诺瓦克说︰ 双方正在使联合协定。

Reports of a deal helped push oil prices above $50 a barrel temporarily. Prices had fallen to less than $40 last year.(25)
交易报告暂时帮助推动油价每桶 50 美元以上。去年,价格已经下跌至低于 40 美元。

As a cartel, OPEC’s members seek to fix prices so they can increase profits. One way they do this is with limits on oil production.(26)
作为一个卡特尔,欧佩克成员国寻求固定价格,以便他们可以增加利润。他们这样做的一个方法是限制石油产量。

The group is expected to meet in late November to finalize details of a production agreement.(27)
该集团预计将满足在 11 月下旬完成生产协议的具体细节。

Several members, including Iraq, have asked for permission to be exempt from cuts.(28)
几个成员,包括伊拉克,有要求免除削减的权限。

About two-thirds of electricity in the United States comes from coal and natural gas.(29)
约有三分之二的美国电力来自煤炭和天然气。

The U.S Energy Information Administration says oil has little direct effect on the cost of energy.(30)
美国能源信息管理局说油具有对能源成本的直接影响不大。

It says that only one percent of the country’s electricity comes from oil.(31)
它说︰ 只有 1%的该国的电力来自石油。

The cost of producing renewable energy has continued to fall.(32)
生产可再生能源的成本却持续下降。

The International Energy Agency says renewable has become the world’s largest new source of energy.(33)
国际能源机构说,可再生能源已成为世界上最大的能源的新来源。

The cost of producing energy from sources like the sun and wind is also decreasing.(34)
从能源,如太阳能和风能发电的成本也下降。

I’m Mario Ritter.(35)
我马里奥里特。


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