Yanny vs. Laurel spotlights our brains’ desire for filling in the gaps
2018-05-16 00:00:00


And now to our "NewsHour" shares, somethinginteresting that caught our eye.(1)
现在到我们的“新闻小时”股票,一些有趣的事情引起了我们的注意。

Yanny vs. Laurel, it's the auditory debatetaking the Internet by storm today.(2)
Yanny与Laurel,这是今天以互联网为风暴的听觉辩论。

"NewsHour"'s Nsikan Akpan and Julia Griffinexplain how one sound can create two different(3)
“NewsHour”的Nsikan Akpan和Julia Griffin解释了一种声音如何创造出两种不同的声音

experiences.(4)
经验。

JULIA GRIFFIN: The Internet has been set ablazeover one sound and two words.(5)
朱丽娅格里芬:互联网已经在一个声音和两个字上点燃了。

(SOUND PLAYING)
NSIKAN AKPAN: So, which did you hear, Yannyor Laurel?(6)
NSIKAN AKPAN:那么,你听到了什么,Yanny或Laurel?

This audio clip, which first went viral onReddit and then Twitter, features a robotic(7)
这个音频片段首先在Reddit和Twitter上传播,其特点是机器人

voice saying a specific word, but people'sperceptions of that word differ dramatically,(8)
声音说一个特定的词,但人们对这个词的看法差异很大,

even in the "NewsHour" office.(9)
即使在“NewsHour”办公室。

MAN: Yanny.(10)
MAN:Yanny。

JUDY WOODRUFF: Laurel.(11)
JUDY WOODRUFF:劳雷尔。

WOMAN: Yanny.(12)
女人:Yanny。

WOMAN: Yanny.(13)
女人:Yanny。

MAN: Laurel.(14)
男子:劳雷尔。

WOMAN: Laurel.(15)
女人:劳雷尔。

(CROSSTALK)
NSIKAN AKPAN: How is it possible people arehearing different things?(16)
NSIKAN AKPAN:人们如何听到不同的事情?

The sound is what's called an ambiguity illusion,and it's nothing new to neuroscientists.(17)
声音就是所谓的模糊幻觉,对于神经科学家来说,这并不是什么新鲜事。

JULIA GRIFFIN: Remember the dress from 2015?(18)
JULIA GRIFFIN:还记得2015年的礼服吗?

Some people swore it was gold and white, othersblack and blue.(19)
有些人发誓,它是金色和白色,其他人是黑色和蓝色。

That viral photo is a visual version of anambiguity illusion.(20)
该病毒照片是一个模糊幻觉的视觉版本。

NSIKAN AKPAN: When a human brain encounterssomething it can't immediately understand,(21)
NSIKAN AKPAN:当人类大脑遇到不能立即理解的事物时,

it tries to fill in the gaps.(22)
它试图填补空白。

JULIA GRIFFIN: In the case of Yanny v. Laurel,the frequency, or pitch, of the sound clip(23)
JULIA GRIFFIN:在Yanny v。Laurel的情况下,声音片段的频率或音高

is cryptic to our minds.(24)
对我们的想法是神秘的。

The original poster of the audio clip, an18-year-old Reddit user from Lawrenceville,(25)
音频剪辑的原始海报,来自Lawrenceville的18岁的Reddit用户,

Georgia, recorded the pronunciation of Laureloff Vocabulary.com through his speakers.(26)
格鲁吉亚通过他的发言者记录了词汇网站上Laurel的发音。

That distorted the sound.(27)
这扭曲了声音。

NSIKAN AKPAN: This muddled sound causes ourbrains to fall back on their natural preferences.(28)
NSIKAN AKPAN:这种混乱的声音会让我们的大脑回归自然的喜好。

JULIA GRIFFIN: Folks who prefer lower frequencieshear Laurel, while those who lean toward high(29)
JULIA GRIFFIN:喜欢低频的人听到Laurel,而那些倾向于高音的人

frequencies hear Yanny.(30)
频率听到Yanny。

NSIKAN AKPAN: This might explain why childrenare reportedly hearing Yanny.(31)
NSIKAN AKPAN:这也许可以解释为什么据说孩子会听到Yanny。

The human ability to hear higher frequenciesfades with age.(32)
人们听到更高频率的能力随着年龄的增长而消失。

JULIA GRIFFIN: Your speakers or headphonesmay also be to blame, as some sound systems(33)
JULIA GRIFFIN:作为一些音响系统,您的扬声器或耳机也可能会被指责

are tuned to emphasize different frequencies.(34)
被调整来强调不同的频率。

NSIKAN AKPAN: People discussing the soundaround you can also shift your mind's perception.(35)
NSIKAN AKPAN:人们讨论你周围的声音也会改变你的想法。

JULIA GRIFFIN: Ambiguity illusions typicallycause our perceptions to land one way or the(36)
朱丽娅格里芬:模棱两可的幻觉通常会导致我们的看法一路降落

other.(37)
其他。

NSIKAN AKPAN: Yanny/Laurel and the dress standout because they clearly split a room.(38)
NSIKAN AKPAN:Yanny / Laurel和这件衣服很明显,因为他们明显分裂了一个房间。

JULIA GRIFFIN: But the neurological basisfor exactly why is still a mystery to scientists.(39)
JULIA GRIFFIN:但是,究竟为什么科学家仍然神秘。

For the "PBS NewsHour," I'm Julia Griffin.(40)
对于“PBS NewsHour”,我是Julia Griffin。

NSIKAN AKPAN: And I'm Nsikan Akpan.(41)
NSIKAN AKPAN:我是Nsikan Akpan。

JUDY WOODRUFF: And I don't know what the fussis all about.(42)
JUDY WOODRUFF:我不知道大惊小怪。

It's Laurel.(43)
它是桂冠。


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