UN Fund to Fight Cholera in Haiti at 2 Percent of Goal
2017-03-12 21:00:42

Late last year, the United Nations promised to strengthen its fight against the spread of the deadly cholera disease.(1)

U.N. peacekeeping troops unknowingly brought the disease to Haiti seven years ago.(2)

But, so far, the U.N. has raised just a small amount of the estimated $400 million it needs over the next two years to fight the disease.(3)
但是,到目前为止,联合国提出了只是一个小数目估计 $ 4 亿它需要未来两年内与疾病作斗争。

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres wrote that the voluntary funding received so far makes up only 2 percent of its goal. It has received around $8 million in funding.(4)
联合国秘书长安东尼奥 · 古特雷斯写道,到目前为止收到的自愿资金弥补了只有 2%的目标。它得到了大约 $ 800 万的资金。

The letter said that, as of February 8, Chile, France, India, Liechtenstein and South Korea together had promised almost $2 million.(5)
这封信说,截至 2 月 8 日,智利、 法国、 印度、 列支敦士登和韩国一起承诺几乎 $ 200 万。

Outside of that fund, Japan has promised $2. 6 million and Canada has committed about $6 million.(6)
在该基金,日本已承诺 2 美元。600 万和加拿大已承诺约 $ 600 万。

Guterres asked all member states to notify him by March 6 of their plans to help finance the campaign.(7)
古特雷斯要求所有成员国通知他由 3 月 6 日他们的计划,以帮助金融市场活动。

U.N. peacekeepers arriving from Nepal are believed to have caused Haiti’s current cholera epidemic.(8)

The disease spread near a U.N. base in October of 2010.(9)
在 2010 年 10 月,这种疾病传播联合国基地附近。

Since then, more than 788,000 cases of the infectious disease have been reported. At least 9,000 people have died.(10)
自那时以来,报道有超过 788,000 例感染性疾病。至少 9000 人已经死了。

Last December, former Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon apologized to Haiti’s people,(11)
去年 12 月前, 秘书长潘基文向海地人民道歉

on behalf of the United Nations, “for the loss of life and suffering caused by the country’s cholera epidemic.”(12)

Two pathways(13)

The U.N. has two goals for the funding: reducing cholera and aiding victims.(14)
The U.N. has two goals for the funding:减少霍乱和援助受害者。

Its aim is to decrease the number of yearly cases from the current 30,000 to fewer than 10,000 by the end of 2018.(15)
其目的是 2018年年底减少到少于 10000 从当前 30000 每年案件数目。

It also plans to help all Haitians have clean drinking water and toilets by 2030.(16)
它还计划帮助所有海地人,到 2030 年有干净的饮用水和厕所。

Right now, about 25 percent of the population owns or lives near toilets, the U.N.’s recent letter said.(17)
现在,约 25%的人口拥有或住在附近的厕所,联合国最近的信中说。

Vibrio cholerae bacteria spread through food and water polluted by an infected person’s feces - or waste - the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.(18)

The disease is most common in places with poor waste and health systems.(19)

Reparations considered(20)

The U.N. also plans to provide “material assistance” to aid Haitians most affected by the epidemic.(21)

Brian Concannon is the director of the Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti.(22)
布莱恩 · 康坎农是正义和海地的民主研究所所长。

The nonprofit organization supports Haitian cholera victims and their relatives.(23)

He told VOA that, at one point, half of the expected $400 million was promised to victims.(24)
他告诉美国之音,一度,一半预期美元 4 亿承诺给予受害者。

That money would be used for either community projects such as new hospitals and schools or direct payment to the families.(25)

But, since little money has been raised, Concannon said that some have warned the victims to lower their expectations.(26)

However, he said that “the cholera victims have a right to compensation under international law” and that the U.N. must obey this law.(27)

Holding out hope(28)

Gabriel Thimothé is general director of Haiti’s Ministry of Public Health.(29)
加布里埃 Thimothé 是总干事的海地公共卫生部。

He said Haitians “have not given up hope” that the U.N. will meet its funding goal.(30)
他说︰ 海地人"并没有放弃希望",联合国将满足其资金的目标。

Right now, Thimothé said, the ministry is trying to reduce infections.(31)
现在,Thimothé 说,该部正试图减少感染。

It gave out a million vaccine doses in southern Haiti after the damaging hurricane last October.(32)
它给出 100 万剂疫苗在南部海地后破坏性飓风去年 10 月。

The U.N.’s World Health Organization provided the vaccines. And the ministry is planning a national vaccination program.(33)

The ministry is also teaching the public good cleanliness practices and providing clean water.(34)

I'm Alice Bryant.(35)

And I'm Bryan Lynn.(36)
我是布莱恩 · 林恩。

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