Conflicts Keep Millions of Children Out of School
2012-06-21 03:24:37

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.(1)

Conflicts around the world are keeping tens of millions of young people from going to school. Many have physical or emotional injuries that make it hard or even impossible for them to learn.(2)

Later this year UNESCO will release its twenty-twelve "Education for All Global Monitoring Report." UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.(3)
今年晚些时候,教科文组织将发布其二十十二"教育为所有全球监测报告"。教科文组织是联合国教育、 科学及文化组织。

The yearly publication is part of a global campaign to provide primary education to all children within the next three years.(4)

The report documents the situation in countries that have made the least progress toward the Millennium Development Goals.(5)

These goals require universal primary education and equality for boys and girls in schooling by twenty-fifteen.(6)

Pauline Rose is the director of the report.(7)

PAULINE ROSE: "In those thirty-five conflict-affected countries, we find twenty-eight million children out of school.(8)
PAULINE ROSE:"在这些三十五受冲突影响的国家,我们发现 800 万失学儿童。

In some countries, it's just that schools are not even accessible in conflict zones. The teachers aren't there. The schools are sometimes even attacked."(9)

The Geneva Conventions bar the targeting of public places like schools and hospitals. In some cases, schools are targeted because they represent the government.(10)
日内瓦公约 》 禁止针对学校和医院等公共场所。在某些情况下,学校的目标,因为他们代表政府。

Pauline Rose says in other cases, schools are targeted for religious or political reasons.(11)

PAULINE ROSE: "So in Afghanistan, given that the idea of girls going to school has been part of the concern of some militant groups, that has been a cause for their direct attack on girls schools.(12)
PAULINE ROSE:"所以在阿富汗,考虑到女孩上学的想法已经有些好战的团体的关注的一部分,一直令他们女子学校的直接攻击。

In other parts of the world, it might be more that schools are caught in the crossfire."(13)

Conflicts also put girls and boys at risk of sexual violence. Schoolchildren are also at risk of being forced to become soldiers.(14)

Under international law, refugees are the only displaced people with a guaranteed right to education. But that guarantee often means little.(15)

Schools in refugee camps often have limited money for teachers or supplies.(16)

Last year, Pauline Rose visited the Dadaab camps in northern Kenya. Those camps shelter more than two hundred fifty thousand refugees from Somalia.(17)
去年,陈宝莲玫瑰访问在肯尼亚北部 Dadaab 难民营。这些营地庇护所两千多百五十一名难民从索马里。

PAULINE ROSE: "So you have half of children without any access to school. You have sort of classes of over three hundred children, and I mean just the conditions getting worse and worse."(18)
PAULINE ROSE:"所以你有一半的孩子们在没有任何访问到学校。你有种类别的 300 多名儿童,和我的意思只是条件恶化和变得更糟。

What if conflict states in sub-Saharan Africa moved just ten percent of their military spending to education? UNESCO says they could educate more than one-fourth of their out-of-school population.(19)
如果在撒哈拉以南非洲冲突国家移动只有 10%的教育,其军费开支吗?教科文组织说他们可以教育他们出的学校的人口的四分之一以上。

And in Pakistan, it says twenty percent of the military budget could provide primary education for all children.(20)
了,在巴基斯坦,它说,军事预算的 20%可提供所有儿童的初级教育。

But one country has been a real success story.(21)

For years, Botswana has used its wealth from diamond exports to finance universal primary education and to create a skills base for its growing economy.(22)

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. I'm Jim Tedder.(23)

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