How Can Golf Appeal to More People?
2016-05-28 21:02:43


Golf is big business in America, with a total economy estimated at nearly 70 billion dollars.(1)
高尔夫是在美国,估计有近 700 亿美金的经济总量的生意。

The U.S. is also the world’s biggest market for golf equipment, according to a report from Golf Datatech.(2)
美国也是世界最大市场的高尔夫设备,根据一份来自高尔夫数据报告。

The other top countries are Japan, South Korea, United Kingdom, Canada and China.(3)
其他最多的国家是日本、 韩国、 英国、 加拿大和中国。

But the industry is working on ways to make golf more appealing, especially to young Americans.(4)
但业界致力于研究如何使高尔夫更有吸引力,尤其是对年轻的美国人。

The CEO of the U.S.-based World Golf Foundation, Steve Mona, told VOA he believes the current state of golf is healthy and stable.(5)
总部设在美国世界高尔夫基金会,史蒂夫蒙娜丽莎的首席执行官对美国之音说,他认为高尔夫的当前状态是健康和稳定。

His group says about 20 million Americans regularly play the game.(6)
他的小组说,约 2000 万美国人经常玩这个游戏。

But Mona also sees the need for change, to get more people to discover and play golf.(7)
但莫娜也看到需要改变,让更多的人发现和打高尔夫球。

He said the industry has focused on ways to make the game faster, more playable and fun.​(8)
他说 ︰ 业界已重点放在如何让游戏更快,更可播放和乐趣。

Modern Changes on the Course(9)
现代的转变过程

Some golf courses have expanded fairways so golfers have less chance of losing balls in water or trees.(10)
一些高尔夫课程已经扩展航道,这样的高尔夫球手都失去球在水中或树木的机会不大。

Others move up the starting point for young or new players, so they are closer to the hole.(11)
别人向上移动的起始点为年轻或新的球员,因此也更接近于孔。

Some new courses also have fewer obstacles than in the past, such as water ponds or sand traps.(12)
一些新的课程也有少障碍比过去,如水池塘或砂陷阱。

And the area near the hole is sometimes designed flatter, to keep the ball from rolling too much.(13)
孔附近有时为了奉承,让球滚动太多。

These changes could also attract adult golfers who want to play a faster, less difficult game.(14)
这些变化也会吸引成人的高尔夫球手,想玩更快捷、 更艰难的比赛。

But with young people, Mona said it is important to get them interested at an early age.(15)
但与年轻人,蒙娜丽莎说它是重要的是让他们在早期的年龄感兴趣。

One program to do this is the Drive, Chip and Putt Championship, for girls and boys ages 7-15.(16)
一个程序来做这是驱动器、 芯片和推杆冠军为 7-15 岁的女孩和男孩。

The name of the competition refers to golf’s three main skills. Driving is when a golfer hits the ball far at the start of the game.(17)
竞争的名称是指高尔夫的三个主要技能。开车的是当一个高尔夫球手击球远在游戏的开始。

A chip is a much shorter shot, usually taken close to the hole.(18)
芯片是多短拍摄,通常接近球洞。

Putting refers to hitting the ball softly in the area near the hole, called the green.(19)
放是指在该地区附近的洞,被称为绿色轻轻把球打。

Junior Golf Champions(20)
青少年高尔夫冠军

Girls and boys from all 50 U.S. states compete in the championship.(21)
女孩和男孩从美国所有 50 个州竞争冠军。

Organizers say the program has been one of the best ways to bring young people to golf.(22)
组织者说,程序已经给年轻人们带来高尔夫的最佳途径之一。

But Mona said it is not enough just to get people interested.(23)
但莫娜说 ︰ 它不是足够的只是为了引起人们的兴趣。

“The challenge for us in the golf industry is we have to convert interest into trial,” he said.(24)
"我们面临的挑战在高尔夫产业是我们将兴趣转化为审判,"他说。

“And then convert trial into actual participation in the game.”(25)
",然后将审判转换成实际参与游戏。

Sam Schmitz is studying professional golf management at Eastern Kentucky University.(26)
Sam 施密茨正在研究在东肯塔基大学专业高尔夫管理。

He also believes speeding up the game will get more people to try golf.(27)
他还认为加快游戏会得到更多的人尝试高尔夫球。

“For the younger generation, the biggest complaint about golf is how long it takes,” he said. A full game can last four hours.(28)
"年轻的一代,关于高尔夫的最大的抱怨是多长时间,"他说。一个完整的游戏可以持续四个小时。

Old Traditions Changing?(29)
改变旧的传统吗?

Golf is a very traditional game and has not changed much over the years.(30)
高尔夫是一个非常传统的游戏,并没有改变多少年。

But Schmitz said many young people may become golfers for life if they see how fun and challenging it is.(31)
但施米茨说 ︰ 是否他们看到很多年轻人可能成为高尔夫球手的生活乐趣和挑战性是如何。

His favorite parts of golf are being with others and enjoying the nature and beauty of different courses.(32)
高尔夫他最喜欢的地方是和他人一起和享受自然和美的不同课程。

“It’s something different every time,” he said. “You have that one course you play a lot, but you can always go somewhere else and find a new challenge and new people.”(33)
"它是不同的东西每次,"他说。"你有一门课你玩了很多,但你都可以到别的地方去,找到一个新的挑战和新的人。

When it comes to course design, Schmitz said there are no big changes happening across the industry.(34)
课程设计的时候,施米茨说,有没有大的变化,整个行业发生的事情。

But one design trend is to combine golf courses with other business and housing developments.(35)
但一个设计趋势是高尔夫课程结合其他的商业和住宅区。

Mona sees this trend getting bigger as golf expands into new areas.(36)
蒙纳认为这一趋势变得更大,因为高尔夫扩展到新的领域。

He also said some old courses are also being repurposed for commercial use or as part of large economic projects.(37)
他还说,一些旧的课程也被改变用途,用于商业用途或作为大型经济项目的一部分。

Golf Course to Green Space(38)
高尔夫球场绿色空间

One way to convert old courses in the United States is to turn them into parks or recreation areas for the whole community to enjoy.(39)
转换旧的课程,在美国的一种方法是把它们变成公园或社会整体享受的娱乐场所。

One of these projects is in Grafton, Ohio, where the former Royal Oaks Golf Club was turned into a nature area.(40)
这些项目之一就是在格拉夫顿,俄亥俄州前, 皇家橡树高尔夫俱乐部被变成自然生态区。

About 39 hectares of the old golf course were converted into walking trails, hiking areas and fish ponds.(41)
约 39 公顷的高尔夫球场老被转换了成步行小径、 徒步旅行领域和鱼塘。

The area will also protect the habitat of certain plants and animals threatened in Ohio.(42)
该地区也将保护某些植物和动物威胁在俄亥俄州的栖息地。

Jerry Jewell lives in the area but is not a golfer. He said he likes that he can now use the green space.(43)
杰里 · 朱厄尔生活在该地区,但不是一个高尔夫球手。他说他喜欢他现在可以使用的绿色空间。

“I lived there before when it was a golf course but I never came back and played golf on it.(44)
"我就住在那儿之前它是高尔夫球场,但我永远不会回来了上, 打高尔夫球。

So I never got a chance to see what it looked like, as far as the landscape and stuff.”(45)
所以我从来没有机会一睹它看起来像,景观和东西"。

The non-profit Western Reserve Land Conservancy partnered with local park officials to buy the land.(46)
非营利的西部储备土地水利合作与当地的公园官员购买土地。

Joe Leslie of Western Reserve said the project is a great addition because everybody can now use it for recreation.(47)
Joe Leslie 的西部储备说该项目是一个伟大的除了因为大家现在可以使用它为娱乐。

“There’s a select number of people that would use a golf course.(48)
"那里是人的选择数目会使用高尔夫球场。

Where in the case of a passive or active recreation area, it gives the opportunity for many more people to use it.”(49)
如被动或主动的休闲区,它提供机会,为更多的人使用它。

About 10 of these projects exist in Ohio.(50)
约 10 的这些项目存在于俄亥俄州。

And officials in other states are also looking at ways to repurpose former golf courses to create community green space.(51)
其他州的官员也正在寻找方法来重新调整用途前的高尔夫课程,打造社区绿色空间。

I'm Bryan Lynn.(52)
我是布赖恩 · 林恩。


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